Anal Cancer Treatment In India At Affordable Cost

December 20, 2009 by admin 


Anal Cancer Treatment


Anal Cancer Risk Factors


Symptoms of Anal Cancer

Possible signs of anal cancer include bleeding from the anus or rectum or a lump near the anus.


How is anal cancer diagnosed ?

The following tests and procedures may be used for anal cancer :

Physical exam and history : An exam of the body to check general signs of health, including checking for signs of disease, such as lumps or anything else that seems unusual. A history of the patient’s health habits and past illnesses and treatments will also be taken.


Digital rectal examination (DRE) : An exam of the anus and rectum. The doctor or nurse inserts a lubricated, gloved finger into the lower part of the rectum to feel for lumps or anything else that seems unusual.


Anoscopy : An exam of the anus and lower rectum using a short, lighted tube called an anoscope.


Proctoscopy : An exam of the rectum using a short, lighted tube called a proctoscope.


Endo-anal or endorectal ultrasound : A procedure in which an ultrasound transducer (probe) is inserted into the anus or rectum and used to bounce high-energy sound waves (ultrasound) off internal tissues or organs and make echoes. The echoes form a picture of body tissues called a sonogram.


Biopsy : The removal of cells or tissues so they can be viewed under a microscope by a pathologist to check for signs of cancer. If an abnormal area is seen during the anoscopy, a biopsy may be done at that time.


Treatment of anal cancer

The 3 main methods of treatment for anal cancer are surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy. Often the best approach combines 2 or more of these strategies. In the past, surgery was the only treatment for anal cancer, but doctors have found that most anal cancers can be successfully treated with radiation and chemotherapy combined and without the need for surgery. This treatment approach, called chemo radiotherapy, is now the most widely used approach for anal cancer.


Surgery for Anal Cancer

Surgery may be done if the anal cancer is detected at an early stage, but this is not the preferred mode of therapy. Currently surgery for anal cancer is indicated only in those patients who have failed to combination of chemotherapy and radiation therapy.


Radiation therapy alone for Anal Cancer

This mode of treatment was used in Europe for early anal cancer lesions, but is associated with higher complication rates compared to combination of chemotherapy and radiation therapy, which is the preferred treatment in anal cancer.


Combined chemo-radiation for Anal Cancer

This is the preferred mode of treatment for most patients with anal cancer. About 80 to 90 percent of patients usually experience complete remission (complete disappearance of tumor) with this mode of treatment and most of these patients are cured of anal cancer.



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