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Cervical cancer begins with abnormal changes in the cervical tissue. The risk of developing these abnormal changes has been associated with certain factors, including previous infection with human papillomavirus (HPV), early sexual contact, multiple sexual partners, cigarette smoking, and taking oral contraceptives (birth control pills).
Forms of HPV, a virus whose different types cause skin warts, Genital Warts, and other abnormal skin and body surface disorders, have been shown to lead to many of the changes in cervical cells that may eventually lead to cancer.
Cigarette smoking is another risk factor for the development of cervical cancer. The chemicals in cigarette smoke interact with the cells of the cervix, causing precancerous changes that may over time progress to cancer.
Oral contraceptives (“the pill”) may increase the risk for cervical cancer, especially in women who use oral contraceptives for longer than 5 years.
Treatment of cervical cancer is directed at preventing precancerous cells from becoming cancerous cells.
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Genital Warts are a highly contagious sexually transmitted diseased which are also known as “veneral warts.” Caused by a form of human papillomavirus or HPV, there are some cases, if left untreated, of HPV strains that may lead to cancer. Genital Warts in men are usually fount on the tip of the penis but may develop on its shaft, the scrotum or around the anus. Genital Warts in women are found on the inside and outside of the cervix, uterus, and vagina and around the anus. Often small cauliflower shaped fresh colored bumps; these warts can be as tiny as 2 millimeters in diameter but can grow in clusters and expand into a larger mass in the genital region.
HPV, as it is normally called in the field of medicine, can be asymptomatic from 3 to 24 months meaning you may already have it but are not showing any symptoms. It is able to enter a person’s mucosal surfaces and skin through small lesions or abrasions in the genital region during sexual intercourse. It is after this situation that HPV may be latent and dormant. Because of this situation, it may be difficult to trace the source of the disease which may also lead to the increase of HPV carriers.
Genital wars in men and women can be easily recognized through direct visual examination which involves an examination of the pelvic region, thighs, as well as the mouth and throat areas. Because of the similarities to other skin conditions in appearances, genital warts can sometimes be misdiagnosed. Common misdiagnosed conditions of genital warts in men are pearly penile papules or PPP, which is also known as Hirsuties papillaris genitalis. This condition is not contagious and there is no need to treat this though some may opt to do so. Another genital warts in men misdiagnosis is MC or Molluscum contagiosum which is a viral skin infection appearing a flesh colored small dome shaped lesions. Genital warts in men should also not be mistaken for Fordyce’s spots—tiny painless pale lumps on the penis shaft.
The treatment for genital warts for men are numerous with the best being over the counter topical medicine such as TCA, podolfilox, imoquiod and Heal Warts which is supposedly an all natural way of healing warts. One can also elect for loop electrosurgical excision procedure or LEEP, cryosurgery which means freezing, CO2 laser surgery and alpha interferon injections.
Genital Warts are generally asymptomatic…But, if they are left to grow bigger, they can become painful, friable and pruritus… Sometimes smaller warts too become agonizingly itchy due to their anatomic locations. Therefore treating Genital Warts becomes their priority. These warts are also known as Condyloma, Condylomata acuminate, Venereal wart, Verruca acuminata, Anogenital wart or anal wart, Fig wart, Moist wart and Pointed wart. They can appear in and around the anus, inside the mouth and throat apart from in the genital area.It is important to understand that the warts are only the visible symptoms, some strains of HPV or Human papillomavirus is the root cause. HPV is transmitted through skin-to-skin contact during the sexual activities with an infected partner. The warts do not always appear as soon as the person is infected, but may undergo a latent period. The person thus infected can still infect others. Sometimes the warts disappear without treatment, especially if the body’s immune system is strong. At the same time, you should remember that: 1. Although the existing treatment for Genital Warts cannot eliminate HPV, it can reduce its infectivity. Therefore, one should undergo genital warts treatment not only for treating genital wars, but also for keeping the HPV under control and reducing its infectivity. The best way to treat genital warts is to strengthen the body’s immune system, so the HPV become weak and lose its capacity give rise to genital warts. However, there are other methods too.2. Also, remember that not all warts-like growth in the genital area is Condylomata acuminate. Have it diagnosed first. Small warts can be diagnosed with help of a simple magnifying glass or with a colposcope. A colposcope is a magnifying and photographic instrument that is used to examine the vagina. Another method is to apply acetic acid on the effected area. Genital warts will show up as white spots.All such treatments invite some sort of side effects too. It is therefore important to check which treatments are least harmful. In first-line treatment option Podofilox is always given preference by doctors due to some important factors like they being cheaper and causing lesser side effects. Most possible side effects in treatment for genital warts is scarring in the region affected through warts. Available in the form of gel or cream, Podofilox is easier to apply on warts. Even sufferers can apply them by their own on the affected areas. Though Podofilox is safe and effective doctors also suggest for other medicines like podophyllin and Imiquimod or Aldara. They are most useful topical immune response creams for warts. There are mainly two types of treatment for genital warts, patient applied and doctor applied. Patient applied medicines include lotions and creams prescribed by the doctors. The patient can apply them on their own without medical supervision. However, the patients must stick to the prescription strictly and must not apply more than the prescribed amount or prescribed regimes.An easy and affordable treatment option which is in much practice these days is genital warts cream which has least side effects. But it too requires careful approach. Sufferers long to treat genital warts and for that they attempt wrong choice of creams which turn a curse instead of helping sufferers fight with genital warts. Many a times sufferers keep changing creams for the sake of early and easy recovery from genital warts but such attitude must be suppressed for the sake of keeping genital warts and side effects away. Select genuine and affordable genital warts cream and ensure that it is the one which your doctor has prescribed for you. Self medication may cause problems rather than helping you cure your genital warts. Prominent topical ointments such as Imiquimod, Fluorouracil and Polyphenon are some time tested categories of creams which help you have better control over genital warts. Pregnant women should specially be careful while undergoing treatment for genital warts because even genital warts cream can be harmful for the foetus. Such women should never go on self-medication although some excellent wart removing creams are available over the counter. For the sake of your unborn child, see a doctor first and start the treatment under him. Meanwhile do everything in your capacity to strengthen your immune system.
The vinegar test is not reliable for detecting HPV-warts because it gives many false positive and also false negative results. This test is normally used in conjuction with magnification (colposcopy) to mark the cervical areas from where biopsy is taken.
Usually the vinegar test when used is then combined with a standard Pap Test and the two are administered at the same time and the results compared. So, if the vinegar test yields an abnormal result, the person undergoes colposcopy (which as stated above, uses a high-powered magnification device to examination) to confirm the results.
In the vast majority of cases though, warts are harmless skin growths caused by a virus. They have a rough surface on which tiny dark specks may be seen.
Warts can occur on the feet and are one of several soft tissue conditions of the foot that can be quite painful. They are caused by an infectious virus, which generally invades the skin through small or invisible cuts and abrasions.
Warts may be frozen with various commercial freezing probes or with liquid nitrogen sprayed on or applied with a cotton swab. This technique is konown as cryotherapy, and it is is often used for plantar warts and warts under the fingernails.
Warts are caused by a viral infection, called the human papillomavirus (HPV) and are contagious when in contact with the skin of an infected person. It is possible to get warts from using towels or other objects used by an infected person.
Warts that appear on the hands and feet aren’t caused by the same virus that causes Genital Warts but by another kind of HPV type of virus that isn’t sexually transmitted. Warts are an infectious disease caused by the HPV virus. They frequently develop on the hands, feet (plantar warts) and the face.
Warts are caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV), and there are more than 60 varieties of it. You most often get a wart from coming into contact with the virus through skin-to-skin contact. All of the common methods of wart treatment involve irritating the warts.
Warts are very common and it is estimated that 4 out 5 people will have at least one wart during their lifetime.
Warts on the face are often flatter in appearance and are called flat warts.
Treatment after the vinegar test possibly reduces, but does not eliminate, HPV infection. Existing data indicate that currently available therapies for Genital Warts might reduce, but probably do not eradicate, HPV infectivity. Treatment may include prescription medications and certain medical procedures. Thanfully, treatment seems to lower the chance of passing the infection to a sex partner.
Women who have Genital Warts can have healthy pregnancies. But a pregnant woman should tell her health care provider if she’s ever had genital warts. Women with genital warts should have a cervical smear test done once a year.
What practical advice can we give to alleviate wart problems? The first and most obvious is to avoid scratching warts so that they don/’t get sore or spread.
Unfortunately, infection with genital warts may not be obvious, which tends to mean that the spread can occur very often without the contagious partner being aware of the problem.
All infected areas should be cleansed thoroughly and dried using a clean towel. Medication like powders, sprays or antifungal cream should be used as directed by your Doctor.
Cervical cancer: malignant cancer of the cervix uteri or cervical area. It may present with vaginal bleeding but symptoms may be absent until the cancer is in its advanced stages, which has made cervical cancer the focus of intense screening efforts using the Pap smear. In developed countries, the widespread use of cervical screening programs has reduced the incidence of invasive cervical cancer by 50% or more.
The cervix is the lower part of the uterus (womb). It is sometimes called the uterine cervix. The body (upper part) of the uterus, is where a fetus grows. The cervix connects the body of the uterus to the vagina (birth canal). The part of the cervix closest to the body of the uterus is called the endocervix. The part next to the vagina is the exocervix (or ectocervix). The place where these 2 parts meet is called the transformation zone. Most cervical cancers start in the transformation zone.
About 85% of cervical cancers are squamous cell carcinomas, which develop in the scaly, flat, skinlike cells covering the cervix. Most other cervical cancers are adenocarcinomas, which develop from gland cells, or adenosquamous carcinomas, which develop from a combination of cell types.
Symptoms of Cervical Cancer
Symptoms usually don’t appear until abnormal cervical cells become cancerous and invade nearby tissue. When this happens, the most common symptom is abnormal bleeding, which may start and stop between regular menstrual periods or may occur after sexual intercourse.
Bleeding from the vagina that is not normal,or a change in your menstrual cycle that you can’t explain.
Menstrual periods that last longer and are heavier than before. Bleeding after sexual intercourse, douching, or a pelvic exam.
Pain during urination: Bladder pain or pain during urination can be a symptom of advanced cervical cancer. This cervical cancer symptom usually occurs when cancer has spread to the bladder.
Causes of Cervical Cancer
Cervical cancer most commonly begins in the thin, flat cells that line the bottom of the cervix (squamous cells). Squamous cell carcinomas account for about 80 percent of cervical cancers. Cervical cancer can also occur in the glandular cells that line the upper portion of the cervix.
Genetic material that comes from certain forms of HPV has been found in cervical tissues that show cancerous or precancerous changes.
Most cervical cancer is caused by a virus called human papillomavirus, or HPV. You get HPV by having sex with someone who has it. There are many types of the HPV virus. Not all types of HPV cause cervical cancer. Some of them cause Genital Warts, but other types may not cause any symptoms.
The virus is a sexually transmitted disease. There are more than 50 types of human papilloma virus (HPV) that infect humans. Types 6 and 11 usually cause warts, while types 16, 18, 31 and 33 usually result in high-grade cervical dysplasia (CIN-2 and CIN-3) and carcinomas.
More than 90 percent of all cervical cancers are squamous cell carcinomas, and researchers believe that this cancer may be a sexually transmitted disease. There is much evidence that cervical carcinoma is related to sexually transmitted organisms.
Chemical exposure: Women who work on farms or in the manufacturing industry may be exposed to chemicals that can increase their risk of cervical cancer.
Women who have HIV, the virus that causes AIDS, often take drugs that weaken the bodyâ??s natural immunity or its ability to fight off disease. These women also have an increased risk for cervical cancer and should be closely monitored by their gynecologist for the development of precancerous changes to the cervix.